THEORIZING LABOUR MIGRATION / MOBILITY: POSSIBILITIES AND PROBLEMS
The processes of migration are complex and embrace a wide range of the social reality. Therefore they contain a great number of thematic fields: economic dependences and manpower and market relations; space mobility, domestic and international flows of movement; demographic changes, settlement structure, legal, political and minority issues; various forms of acculturation (integration, assimilation, segregation, marginalization), changes in family structure, everyday culture and system of holidays, rites and rituals; social mobility and changes in the social statuses, etc. Consequently, as a social phenomenon, migration is a beneficial subject for different scientific disciplines, which deal with separate migration process components on different levels. The explanations of geographers, demographers, economists, anthropologists, sociologists, and political scientists rest on various prerequisites and methods.
The purpose of this review has been to outline the theoretic trends relevant to the anthropological study of the emergence and development of migrations, manpower migrations, in particular, emphasizing the link between defining, typifying and theorizing. Familiarization with the theoretical elaborations in question is important for understanding the necessary conditions enabling a migration movement, as well as the mechanisms of its realization and change (including fading out and disappearing).