The article refers to the unexplored subject about monuments of political repressions during the socialist period in Bulgaria. The creation of monuments is investigated as a result of family funeral rituals, activities of emigrant organizations, and post-socialist institutional initiatives, and politics of memory. Monuments are analyzed in the light of the commemorated persons, events, and places and are regarded as elements of post-socialist cultural memory and heritage in Bulgaria. They are examined through its functions: to construct collective memory about “victims of communism”, to rehabilitate persecuted people, to create new political identities, and to radicalize some social groups. The article reveals the basic meanings of the researched type of monuments, engendered through their location and through the symbols, used in their construction. In their entireness, the monumental representations about political repressions are presented as the main object of post-socialist (re)thinking of the recent past. They describe the outlines of traumatic memory, a “topography of terror” and the axis of space-time continuum for perceiving the political repression.
Keywords: monuments, political repression, trauma, “victims of communism”, cultural memory, post-socialist heritage.